If This Isnt Nice, What Is?: Advice for the Young

psychoanalytic psychotherapist | clinical supervisor | couples therapist The Dark Night of the Soul is the title given to a poem by 16th-century Spanish poet and What insights might we take away from this familiar, nearly ubiquitous metaphor of dying .. Darkness and turmoil stimulate the imagination in a certain way.

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online The Northern Crusades file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with The Northern Crusades book. Happy reading The Northern Crusades Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF The Northern Crusades at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF The Northern Crusades Pocket Guide.

To bad that here in Estonia there are not much books about the history of ancient Latvia and Lithuania. Unfortunately it hasnt been translated into estonian so I cant read it. Although I found a digital copy of the chronic, but it is in latin. Well, at least something… As well here in Latvia there is no official books of Estonian or Lithuanian history — this always makes me wonder how it can be that we live in neighborhood, share almost same history and there is no way to learn or read about it for ordinary people!

The Northern Crusades and the Teutonic Order

Everything is twisted and just laughable lies and total ignorance of the real history. Please, tread some real history book. The Christianization of Prussia is absent in general history books for the same reason that the Islamization of Albania is absent in general history books. That is, it is perceived to be periphery and secondary developments, unimportant in the grand scheme of things, not deserving of proper treatment in limited space.

What I say is that this topic is very unknown in context of whole Crusades as well as history of Balts and Baltic region. There is still this syndrome of big and small nations around as it was in olden times.


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But in the introductory section of your post, you did not simply note that the event is unknown, but expressed you view on why it is unknown. This is what you said :. Likewise, when you say :. Sorry for late answer — I was little busy around.

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Northern Crusades

I think you picking on words. Common people, not high grade historians, knew nothing about it. For example in Soviet times we were taught in school that Great Russian nation came and saved us from evil German crusaders and thanx to them now we live happy and free! Your information is intresting , its also the same song sung by any people who lost a war years ago.

As far as being kept a secret by powerful forces in darkened halls, you managed to dig it up. Ever occur to you that cultures obey evolution , like most everything else. No doubt the Roman Church did all kinds of things their not to proud of at some point what happened good or bad is your culture I am Irish and I say that ….

Pingback: Introduction to paganism — part V — baltic tradition Heathen Altar. I want to learn more about their beliefs and practices, but how can i when there is so little evidence that they even existed in the first place? How long before all of the peaceful earth-worshipping religions are wiped off the face of the earth, anhilated and forgotten from the present and in history?

Granted, not all the earth-worshipping religions is or were peaceful. And that is something i would like to study in more detail, too! Hmm I mentioned that she was a queen — I never heard that female rulers were called kings, were they? Jadwiga became a king after her father made some set of concessions for Polish nobility in Privilege of Koszyce.

Maybe there were another cases when woman became a king I do not include here ancient history — for example Hatshepsut but I do not know about them.

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Where can I learn more about the Baltic Crusades and about Baltic pagan traditions in general? Are there any good books on the topic? For starters you can read M. I was interested to read your very informative writing about the Baltic crusades. I had gone onto the Internet as a result of watching a television programme about a knight who had been exhumed in the s in an almost perfect state of preservation, somewhere in Yorkshire ,Northern England during excavations at an old church,at the time I seem to recall that it was thought he died of injuries sustained in a tournament.

His corpse had been encased in lead and when the casing was opened he was remarkably preserved, his features were clearly visible even down to the pupils in his eyes. The corpse was taken to a modern hospital for an autopsy to establish his cause of death which proved to be battle wounds and eventual death due to some crushing of the chest cavity breaking ribs. Recent research has been carried out which provided some quite unexpected results. It seems that this knight died in the s on crusade and unusually his body was sent home to be buried.

Further research into written archives helped solve the mystery of who he was and the story of his life and death. It is thought that he had also fought earlier in his life against the Scots in the more or less continual wars of Scottish Independence ,this is where my main interest in history lies. I had heard of the Teutonic Knights when I was younger and seem to remember something about Alexander Nevsky beating them and driving them back…was there a battle fought on a frozen lake somewhere?

As a child I was captivated by stories about the Crusades,but had never really appreciated the politics behind them…. I am keen to find out more about the subject, such as what was the nature of the pagan religion followed? Was it similar to the Norrse gods with Odin and Thor, or was it similar to the pre Christian religion led by Druids that existed in Britain? Hi Douglas!

Poland and the Crusader Movement in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries

About Baltic religion, it was quite close and had many similarities with Norse and Slavic paganism. Fascinating stuff! As an American of Slavic and Hungarian descent; I had never really learned any of this until recently. Thanks for the information.


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I am als on Facebook if anyone else would like to correspond with me regarding the topic. Douglas Kearney, Scotland. Somehow I struggle to find you on facebook, maybe ad me? I know that writing articles is boring and time consuming. But did you know that there is a tool that allows you to create new posts using existing content from article directories or other websites from your niche? And it does it very well. The new articles are unique and pass the copyscape test.

Skipping to the steady beat of drums, other singing revellers at the feast, known locally as Rasa, pass under an arbour decorated with flowers before throwing salt on an altar as an offering to ancient Baltic gods. The last nation in Europe to be converted to Christianity at the end of the 14th century, many Lithuanians are still deeply attached to pagan customs.

Thousands celebrate Rasa each year and controversial moves are afoot in parliament to accord Romuva the legal status of a religion in the predominantly Catholic country. Dressed in a white cowl and a dark green robe covered by a flowing white cape embroidered with traditional red and green geometric designs, Trinkuniene looks as if she has stepped straight out of the Middle Ages. A pantheistic religion based on the belief that the natural world is divine, Romuva holds the god of lightning and thunder, or Perkunas, and Zeme, or Mother Earth, as its top deities.

Suppressed by the Soviets after their occupation of Lithuania in , Romuva and its Rasa feast was furtively revived in by ethnologist and dissident Jonas Trinkunas as a way to express Lithuanian national identity. But by the nascent movement was driven deep underground after Soviet authorities cracked down on its leaders. Romuva has attracted thousands since when Lithuania broke free from the crumbling Soviet Union.

However, the only official figures cite some 5, followers and date back to the census. Parliament is expected to formally recognise Romuva as a religious community later this year, giving pagan marriages and baptisms the same civil status as Christian, Jewish or Muslim ceremonies. He transformed it from a derelict Soviet-era state farm into a pastoral wonderland boasting public gardens dotted with wooden statues of pagan-era Baltic gods. The pagan renaissance is not without controversy in this nation of 2. Former conservative prime minister Andrius Kubilius is also a critic.

He points out that the vote giving Romuva official religious status will likely come this autumn as Pope Francis visits to mark years of Lithuanian independence. Western intellectual culture is often sympathetic toward those who have lost out in political and military struggles, especially if the defeated peoples can be identified with a more natural, more idyllic world than the contradictory and artificial societies of the West.

This came forcefully to my attention twenty years ago, when the publicity flyer for The Baltic Crusade noted that the "objects of the Baltic Crusade" were "victims in the march of conquest and trade.

The Northern Crusades by Eric Christiansen

However prescient that may have been of today's cultural wars, the situation in the medieval Baltic was much more complex than literate barbarians oppressing barbarian illiterates. Today, the publicity agent would surely have used the word victim. Three immediate problems arise applying victimization theory to the Baltic Crusade: 1 The dynamics of a crusade that lasted three and a half centuries and involved so many peoples do not lend themselves to easy simplification.

Moreover, the outcomes were so different from the original intents that one might use them as examples of the Law of Unintended Consequences. The Baltic Crusade had several origins: 1 Missionaries mostly but not exclusively Germans to the Baltic peoples discovered that if they were successful in attracting converts, they frightened the native shamans the pagan priesthood who then agitated among the tribal leaders and the most convinced believers in the old gods to kill or expel the foreign priests and their converts. This bishop's successor founded a crusading order, the Brothers of the Sword, who provided troops to protect his diocese through the long northern winter after the bulk of the crusaders had returned home.

The Brothers of the Sword later carved out a state for themselves from the Christian territories in Livonia as did the Teutonic Order in Prussia , and the traders who settled in Riga created a commercial empire. The knights were especially important. Not just because of their military superiority, which was short-lived, but because of their vigor. Similarly, merchants were heroically active in their search for new markets.